Vertical Hydroponic Gardening

As technology advances daily, the vertical hydroponic gardening industry has seen the need to be inventive and creative with how to grow plants. With environmental issues on the rise, global warming, ozone layer depletion, melting glaciers, etc., there is a need to figure out a sustainable method to grow plants faster, better, and all year round. And thanks to the hydroponic system of gardening, we can say a fraction of the plan has been achieved.

This article aims to elucidate the gardening breakthrough known as hydroponics. We will be looking at the subject of vertical hydroponic gardening. But first, one needs to be aware of what it is about.

What is a vertical hydroponic garden?

Some people know what hydroponics is, but for folks who are just perhaps looking to get an idea of what it is about: Hydroponics is a process whereby plants are grown without soil but with water. You may be wondering how that is possible. Usually, a plant won’t grow in soil that lacks the proper nutrients for it to grow. So, what if it can grow without the soil but with the necessary nutrients to grow? That is how hydroponics works, or at least the concept behind it. Water containing essential nutrients for a plant to grow is fed directly to the plant, thus requiring no soil. This has indeed revolutionized the way plants were thought only to grow. 

On the other hand, a vertical hydroponic garden is simply a growing garden using this method. Since water is involved, gravity plays a role in circulating the water from the top of the plant shelf to the bottom. It is also a fact that this method helps water usage efficiency by 90%.

How does vertical hydroponic garden work

Vertical hydroponics uses a towered structure for setup, and it is so because gravity is needed to distribute the nutrient-rich water. Of course, there are various ways to set up your hydroponic garden, and however, you need to consider the water control depending on the size.

A pump is set up at the base of the setup. This pump sends water up against gravity. The plants receive the water—they are placed so that the nutrient-rich water reaches their roots without any obstruction. The water is there in the pipe, or whatever is used to hold the plants, serving the necessary nutrients. After a while, the water will need to be changed to allow for fresh circulation.

Regardless of how they are grown, plants require sunlight or any light (special light) to grow properly. So, it is important to make sure that you let in enough light and air, especially if it is an indoor vertical hydroponic garden. The process is pretty simple, but you may need to go through some manuals provided with the purchase of your hydroponic system to understand how to go about it.

How to set up your hydroponic garden

vertical hydroponic garden

In a hydroponic system, you will need a pump, pipes, and some base structure for support. Since it will be a vertical tower, you need to make sure that your base structure is very strong, considering the type of plant you intend to grow. After the structure has been set up, you run connected pipes to each level of placement for the plant. Gravity might be against you here, but ensure there is a hydroponic pump that sends the water to every level of slab or structure on which the plants will be grown. However, depending on whether it is an indoor hydroponic garden, you will need to find a way to get more light in. If it is outdoors, there is no need to worry about light.

A vertical hydroponic garden is very simple to set up and can even be made by you. There are various DIY videos that you can watch to get your set upright. Furthermore, there are different ways to set up a vertical hydroponic farm; some include:

  • Stacked hydronic setup
  • A-frame hydroponic setup
  • Ziz-zag hydroponic set-up
  • Rain tower hydroponic set up and
  • A vertical gutter set up.

Depending on which set-up would suit your space, you can choose to set up your hydroponic garden in any of the set-ups mentioned. You can invent your setup, and it works that way too.

What should you consider a vertical hydroponic garden?

So, maybe you heard about it somewhere in detail but are not sure how much it will benefit you if you decide to go for a vertical hydroponic garden. Well, you’d be amazed at how efficient this gardening system is. Here are some of the reasons why you should use it:

1. Weeding is not necessary.

Weeding has always been a headache for gardeners, but with a vertical hydroponic garden, all of that will be a thing of the past. Growing is done by water, so only that you planted will grow.

2. Outdoor and indoor planting.

If you decide you want your farm indoors or outdoors, you can go for it with a vertical hydroponic system.

3. Year-round plant production.

With a hydroponic gardening system, you don’t have to wait until every season to harvest your crops, and it provides for an all-year-round harvest.

4. Nutrients can be controlled.

With the turn of a valve, you can control nutrients’ circulation to the plant, especially if you want to increase yield or reduce it.

5. Better plant yields.

You can expect a better yield from your plants, and there won’t be any worries about a plant not yielding enough or meeting the quota.

6. Soil-borne pests and diseases won’t be a worry.

With the hydroponic system, one won’t need to worry about soil-borne diseases and pests. After all, there is no soil involved in the planting process.

7. It saves water.

You won’t have to worry about water wastage as water is better controlled.

There are, of course, many other benefits of growing a vertical hydroponic garden, but the above is just enough to convince you of why the system is better.


No system is perfect, and the vertical hydroponics system is no exception. However, its drawbacks may be readily overcome with little work and money. Furthermore, the benefits outnumber the disadvantages by a bigger ma. It has the potential to provide an extraordinarily high yield if applied appropriately. After doing some research, you’ll notice that it’s not entirely a bad system to invest in.

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